Article 52 (1) of the 1995 Constitution lays down the following functions of the Commission:-
- To investigate , at its own initiative or on a complaint made by any person or group of persons against the violation of any human right.
- To visit jails, prisons, and places of detention or related facilities with a view of assessing and inspecting conditions of the inmates and make recommendations.
- To establish a continuing programme of research, education and information to enhance respect of human rights.
- To recommend to Parliament effective measures to promote human rights including provision of compensation to victims of violations of human rights or their families.
- To create and sustain within society the awareness of the provisions of this constitution as the fundamental law of the people of Uganda.
- To educate and encourage the public to defend this Constitution at all times against all forms of abuse and violation.
- To formulate , implement, and oversee programmes intended to inculcate in the citizens of Uganda awareness of their civic responsibilities and an appreciation of their rights and obligations as free people.
- To monitor the Government’s compliance with intentional treaty and convention obligations on human rights; and
- To perform such other functions as may be provided by law.
Article 52 (2) also requires the Commission to publish periodical reports and submit annual reports to Parliament on the state of human rights and freedoms in the country.
Articles 52(3) and 48(1) also provide for other for other functions, powers, and guidelines of the commission.